Setting up a WordPress website involves several crucial steps, and one of the initial ones is downloading the WordPress core files and linking them to a database. This process lays the foundation for your website, allowing you to create, manage, and publish content effectively. In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of downloading the WordPress core files and establishing a connection to a database.
Before you begin, ensure you have the following:
- Web Hosting: You should have web hosting with a provider that supports PHP and MySQL, which are the technologies WordPress relies on.
- Domain Name: A domain name (e.g., www.yourwebsite.com) should be associated with your hosting account.
- Database Information: You will need the database name, username, password, and database host information. You can usually find this information in your hosting control panel.
Step 1: Download WordPress
- Visit the official WordPress website at https://wordpress.org/download/.
- Click the prominent “Download WordPress” button to download the latest version of WordPress to your computer.
- Once the download is complete, extract the compressed (.zip) file to a location on your computer.
Step 2: Upload WordPress Files to Your Server
To make your website accessible on the internet, you’ll need to upload the WordPress files to your hosting server. You can do this using an FTP client (e.g., FileZilla) or your hosting provider’s file manager.
- Access your hosting account’s control panel (cPanel) or use your hosting provider’s file manager.
- Navigate to the directory where you want to install WordPress. If you want your website to be accessible at the root domain (e.g., www.yourwebsite.com), upload the files to the public_html or www folder. For a subdirectory (e.g., www.yourwebsite.com/blog), create the folder (e.g., “blog”) and upload the files there.
- Select all the extracted WordPress files on your computer and upload them to the chosen directory on your server.
- Once the upload is complete, your WordPress files should be accessible via your domain (e.g., www.yourwebsite.com). However, you’ll need to configure the database to complete the installation.
Step 3: Create a Database and User
- Access your hosting control panel (cPanel).
- Look for the “Database” section, where you’ll find an option to create a new database. Name it something relevant to your website.
- After creating the database, create a new database user and assign a strong password.
- Associate the user with the database, granting it all privileges. Make note of the database name, username, and password, as you’ll need them in the next step.
Step 4: Configure WordPress to Connect to the Database
- Open a web browser and visit your website (e.g., www.yourwebsite.com). You’ll see the WordPress installation page.
- Select your preferred language and click “Continue.”
- WordPress will inform you that you need the database name, username, password, database host, and table prefix. Enter the details you noted down from Step 3.
- Click “Submit” to proceed.
- If the details are correct, WordPress will show a confirmation message, prompting you to run the installation.
- Click “Run the installation.”
Step 5: Complete the Installation
- You will be asked to provide some basic information for your website, including the site title, username, password, and email address. These details are for your website’s initial admin user.
- After filling in the information, click “Install WordPress.”
- WordPress will finalize the installation and display a success message.
- Click “Log In” to access your WordPress admin dashboard using the username and password you just set.
Downloading the WordPress core files and linking them to a database is the foundation of your WordPress website. Once this process is complete, you have access to the powerful tools and features of WordPress, allowing you to create, customize, and publish content, as well as manage your website effectively. From here, you can explore themes, install plugins, and start building your online presence.